D01 Drug Abuse Prevention, 30 CE-hours, $63
Course Description: This course examines the basic principles and practices in many areas of drug abuse prevention.
Objectives: 1. Describe drug abuse. 2. Describe the characteristics and effect of various harmful drugs 3. Identify the main issues in drug prevention and wellness, and 4. Present plans for a drug prevention program.
Course Format: Online linked resources and lectures that you can use anytime 24/7. One multi-choice test.
Course Developers and Instructors: R. Klimes, PhD, MPH (John Hopkins U), author of articles on drug prevention and awareness.
Course Time: About thirty hours for online study, test taking with course evaluation feedback and certificate printing.
Meet Your Instructor
Professor Rudolf Klimes, PhD, welcomes you to this online course. Keep going.
START the course here. TAKE the exam at the end. PAY after the exam.
Overview on Drug Abuse Prevention
The following article is from the National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services:
DrugFacts: Lessons from Prevention Research
The principles listed below are the result of long-term research studies on the origins of drug abuse behaviors and the common elements of effective prevention programs. These principles were developed to help prevention practitioners use the results of prevention research to address drug use among children, adolescents, and young adults in communities across the country. Parents, educators, and community leaders can use these principles to help guide their thinking, planning, selection, and delivery of drug abuse prevention programs at the community level.
Prevention programs are generally designed for use in a particular setting, such as at home, at school, or within the community, but can be adapted for use in several settings. In addition, programs are also designed with the intended audience in mind: for everyone in the population, for those at greater risk, and for those already involved with drugs or other problem behaviors. Some programs can be geared for more than one audience.
NIDA’s prevention research program focuses on risks for drug abuse and other problem behaviors that occur throughout a child’s development, from pregnancy through young adulthood. Research funded by NIDA and other Federal research organizations – such as the National Institute of Mental Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – shows that early intervention can prevent many adolescent risk behaviors.
Principle 1 – Prevention programs should enhance protective factors and reverse or reduce risk factors (Hawkins et al. 2002).
- The risk of becoming a drug abuser involves the relationship among the number and type of risk factors (e.g., deviant attitudes and behaviors) and protective factors (e.g., parental support) (Wills et al. 1996).
- The potential impact of specific risk and protective factors changes with age. For example, risk factors within the family have greater impact on a younger child, while association with drug-abusing peers may be a more significant risk factor for an adolescent (Gerstein and Green 1993; Dishion et al. 1999).
- Early intervention with risk factors (e.g., aggressive behavior and poor self-control) often has a greater impact than later intervention by changing a child’s life path (trajectory) away from problems and toward positive behaviors (Ialongo et al. 2001; Hawkins et al. 2008).
- While risk and protective factors can affect people of all groups, these factors can have a different effect depending on a person’s age, gender, ethnicity, culture, and environment (Beauvais et al. 1996; Moon et al. 1999).
Principle 2 – Prevention programs should address all forms of drug abuse, alone or in combination, including the underage use of legal drugs (e.g., tobacco or alcohol); the use of illegal drugs (e.g., marijuana or heroin); and the inappropriate use of legally obtained substances (e.g., inhalants), prescription medications, or over-the-counter drugs (Johnston et al. 2002).
Principle 3 – Prevention programs should address the type of drug abuse problem in the local community, target modifiable risk factors, and strengthen identified protective factors (Hawkins et al. 2002).
Principle 4 – Prevention programs should be tailored to address risks specific to population or audience characteristics, such as age, gender, and ethnicity, to improve program effectiveness (Oetting et al. 1997; Olds et al. 1998; Fisher et al. 2007; Brody et al. 2008).
Principle 5 – Family-based prevention programs should enhance family bonding and relationships and include parenting skills; practice in developing, discussing, and enforcing family policies on substance abuse; and training in drug education and information (Ashery et al. 1998).
Family bonding is the bedrock of the relationship between parents and children. Bonding can be strengthened through skills training on parent supportiveness of children, parent-child communication, and parental involvement (Kosterman et al. 1997; Spoth et al. 2004).
Parental monitoring and supervision are critical for drug abuse prevention. These skills can be enhanced with training on rule-setting; techniques for monitoring activities; praise for appropriate behavior; and moderate, consistent discipline that enforces defined family rules (Kosterman et al. 2001).
Drug education and information for parents or caregivers reinforces what children are learning about the harmful effects of drugs and opens opportunities for family discussions about the abuse of legal and illegal substances (Bauman et al. 2001).
Brief, family-focused interventions for the general population can positively change specific parenting behavior that can reduce later risks of drug abuse (Spoth et al. 2002b).
Principle 6 – Prevention programs can be designed to intervene as early as infancy to address risk factors for drug abuse, such as aggressive behavior, poor social skills, and academic difficulties (Webster-Stratton 1998; Olds et al. 1998; Webster-Stratton et al. 2001; Fisher et al. 2007).
Principle 7 – Prevention programs for elementary school children should target improving academic and social-emotional learning to address risk factors for drug abuse, such as early aggression, academic failure, and school dropout. Education should focus on the following skills (Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group 2002; Ialongo et al. 2001; Riggs et al. 2006; Kellam et al. 2008; Beets et al. 2009):
- emotional awareness;
- social problem-solving; and
- academic support, especially in reading.
Principle 8 – Prevention programs for middle or junior high and high school students should increase academic and social competence with the following skills (Botvin et al. 1995; Scheier et al. 1999; Eisen et al. 2003; Ellickson et al. 2003; Haggerty et al. 2007):
- study habits and academic support;
- peer relationships;
- self-efficacy and assertiveness;
- drug resistance skills;
- reinforcement of anti-drug attitudes; and
- strengthening of personal commitments against drug abuse.
Principle 9 – Prevention programs aimed at general populations at key transition points, such as the transition to middle school, can produce beneficial effects even among high-risk families and children. Such interventions do not single out risk populations and, therefore, reduce labeling and promote bonding to school and community (Botvin et al. 1995; Dishion et al. 2002; Institute of Medicine 2009).
Principle 10 – Community prevention programs that combine two or more effective programs, such as family-based and school-based programs, can be more effective than a single program alone (Battistich et al. 1997; Spoth et al. 2002c; Stormshak et al. 2005).
Principle 11 – Community prevention programs reaching populations in multiple settings – for example, schools, clubs, faith-based organizations, and the media – are most effective when they present consistent, community-wide messages in each setting (Chou et al. 1998; Hawkins et al. 2009).
Principle 12 – When communities adapt programs to match their needs, community norms, or differing cultural requirements, they should retain core elements of the original research-based intervention (Spoth et al. 2002b; Hawkins et al. 2009), which include:
- Structure (how the program is organized and constructed);
- Content (the information, skills, and strategies of the program); and
- Delivery (how the program is adapted, implemented, and evaluated).
Principle 13 – Prevention programs should be long-term with repeated interventions (i.e., booster programs) to reinforce the original prevention goals. Research shows that the benefits from middle school prevention programs diminish without followup programs in high school (Botvin et al. 1995; Scheier et al. 1999).
Principle 14 – Prevention programs should include teacher training on good classroom management practices, such as rewarding appropriate student behavior. Such techniques help to foster students’ positive behavior, achievement, academic motivation, and school bonding (Ialongo et al. 2001; Kellam et al. 2008).
Principle 15 – Prevention programs are most effective when they employ interactive techniques, such as peer discussion groups and parent role-playing, that allow for active involvement in learning about drug abuse and reinforcing skills (Botvin et al. 1995).
Principle 16 – Research-based prevention programs can be cost-effective. Similar to earlier research, recent research shows that for each dollar invested in prevention, a savings of up to $10 in treatment for alcohol or other substance abuse can be seen (Aos et al. 2001; Hawkins et al. 1999; Pentz 1998; Spoth et al. 2002a; Jones et al. 2008; Foster et al. 2007; Miller and Hendrie 2009).
Read and study the following modules D11 – D20. You do not need to take the 10 item test at the end of each module.
Course Description: This is a short course that examines the physiological and psychological aspects of personal health and wellness. The course also analyzes the factors that contribute or hinder mental well-being.
Course Objectives: The absence of illness is not wellness. Wellness is the harmonious integration of all personal dimensions. The study of wellness includes the PREVENTION of health problems, the PROTECTION from health threats, and PROMOTION of the health of others.
Course Description: The course describes nicotine, its use and risks, and method of preventing tobacco addiction.
Objectives: At the end of the course, participants will describe and explain 1. the characteristics and problems with nicotine, 2. the risk factors to smoking, 3. and methods of preventing tobacco addiction.
Course Description: A way to stop smoking and remain tobacco free.
Objectives: At the end of three weeks, you will be able to decide to 1. stop smoking, 2. design your own stop-smoking plan, 3. work toward your first smoke-free day, and 4. implement a ongoing life without tobacco.
Course Description: The field of Drug-Abuse includes the use of all harmful drugs, namely use of illegal drugs, misuse of medications, and the misuse of products with caffeine.
Objectives: At the end of this course, you will 1. understand drug-testing, 2. describe the use and effect of drugs, 3. explain treatment and prevention strategies.
- D15 Alcohol Problems
Course Description: This course provides an introduction to selected important topics related to alcohol problems, addiction, and wellness. It represents an introduction to users and supporting individuals that are seeking wellness and improved communications.
Objectives: At the end of the course, you will: a. Describe alcohol abuse. b. Describe the characteristics and effect of alcohol, c. Identify the main issues in alcohol, and d. Present plans for an alcohol problem prevention program.
Course Description: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. Learn how and why it’s used, it’s effects and risks.
Objectives: At the end of this course, you will 1. understand the nature of marijuana use, 2. counteract the myth of medical marijuana, 3. appreciate the scope of its use, and 4. trace its acute affect on the body system.
Course Description: This course examines the basic principles and practices in many areas of addiction prevention.
Objectives: a. Describe addiction. b. Describe the characteristics and effect of addiction, c. Identify the main issues in addiction, and d. Present plans for an addiction problem prevention program.
Course Description: Many conflicts in life relate to five aspects of drug-free living. These aspects make up the Prevention Pentagon model. Each aspect is linked together to provide the inner support against outside pressures. Therefore, the model is used to strengthen an individual against misuse of drugs. The five components consist of: (1) personal concerns; (2) group/social concerns; (3) information; (4) access-control; and (5) Personal values and spiritual resolve.
Objectives: At the end of this course, you will understand the value-based prevention approach that deals with 1) risk factors, 2) peer pressure, 3) drug ignorance, 4) manipulation prevention and 5) disintegration prevention.
At the completion of the course, Grades 1 and 2 children shall:
1. have a basic understanding of the value of good health.
2. make pre-decisions to avoid harmful drugs.
This is course was written to help you dev and fosters your spiritual health. It is an intensely personal course in that it deals with your innermost values, thoughts and feelings. It is intended to help you focus your life within a larger external framework.
At the end of this course, you will explain
1. develop an understanding of your spiritual life,
2. gain insight into your spiritual journey,
3. find resources for spiritual emergencies, and
4. face the possibility and meaning of your death.