A16 Time Management: Setting SMART Goals, 3 CE hours, $21
Course Description: Example of efficiency is an assembly line. Example of Effectiveness is mastering or knowing knowledge and information. What does it take to be effective and can effectiveness be learned? In this course you will discover how setting goals, prioritization, and planning can increase effectiveness. We will also explore time management tips which will include learning what matters most and theories of time.
Course Objectives: At the end of the course you will be able to 1) Realize optimal techniques to set goals using the SMART model, prioritize, and plan 2) Explore how to distinguish between the important and the urgent matters 3) Understand the basic theories of time
Course Format: Online linked resources and lectures that you can use anytime 24/7. One multi-choice test.
Course Developers and Instructors: R. Klimes, PhD, MPH (John Hopkins U), well known author and scholar in health-related research, health behaviors, and ethics. Co-author Dr. Heather Hawkins is a scholar in disease modalities, prevention, and ethic principles.
Course Time: About three hours for online study, test taking with course evaluation feedback and certificate printing.
START the course here. TAKE exam at the end. PAY after the exam.
Professor Rudolf Klimes, PhD, welcomes you to this online course. Keep going.
A16 Time Management: Setting SMART Goals
Changing your work world: Efficiency versus Effectiveness
Learning Goals: 1) Learn optimal techniques to set goals using the SMART model, prioritize, and plan 2) Explore how to distinguish between the important and the urgent matters 3) Understand the basic theories of time
Setting realistic and achievable goals will help you stay motivated and manage your time more efficiently. Work on long-, medium- and short-term goals.
Set goals that are SMART:
- Specific—think about what you will need to do.
- Measurable—can be checked and measured.
- Attainable—can be achieved within the time frame.
- Realistic—what you are willing and able to do.
- Timely—needs to be done now.
Read more about goal setting ( https://www.qld.gov.au/jobs/balance/pages/goals.html ).
Define Your Goals
When taking on any challenge, it’s a good idea to define your goals. You should identify what you want to accomplish and how you will carry out your plan. This is important when making positive change and will help you succeed.
Before starting this program, set short-term and long-term goals. These goals should be
A specific short-term goal may be to start strength training; the long-term goal may be easing the symptoms of arthritis, improving balance, or controlling your weight. This goal is easily measurable: Have you or have you not begun the program? Indeed, this is an attainable goal, as long as your doctor approves, and this goal is certainly relevant to living a long, healthy life. Your goal should be time-based: you should read this book within 5 days, buy the equipment you need, and set your exercise schedule within the next 5 days. Start the program within the following 2 to 3 days.
The goals and time frame are entirely up to you. You may want to focus your long-term goals on improving a specific health condition, such as reducing pain from arthritis, controlling diabetes, increasing bone density to help combat osteoporosis, or increasing muscle mass to help with balance or weight control. Or your goal may be to bowl or play tennis, or perhaps to do all of your own chores, such as cleaning windows or vacuuming. Your success depends on setting goals that are truly important to you—and possessing a strong desire to achieve them.
Goal-Setting Worksheet #1
Identifying Your Short-Term Goals
Identify at least two of three of your own short-term goals and write them on the personal goal- setting worksheet provided. If you have more goals, write them down as well. Remember that each goal should be S-M-A-R-T—specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-based. Setting these short-term goals will help motivate you to make the program a regular part of your life.
- I will talk to my doctor about starting this program.
- I will buy the equipment I need and get ready to exercise within 2 weeks.
- I will look at my calendar and schedule 2 or 3 45-minute blocks of time for exercise each week.
- I will invite my spouse/friend/family member to join me in these exercises.
Goal-Setting Worksheet #2
Identifying Your Long-Term Goals
Identify at least two or three long-term goals and write them on the personal goal-setting worksheet provided. If you have more goals, write them down as well. Are there activities that you want to do more easily over the long term? Are there things that you haven’t done in some time that you want to try again? Listing these goals will help you stay with the program, see your progress, and enjoy your success. (Don’t forget to use the S-M-A-R-T technique.)
- I will do each exercise 2 or 3 times each week. Within 3 months, I will do each exercise with 5 lb. weights.
- After 12 weeks of the program, I will take the stairs instead of the elevator.
- I will be able to walk to the store or office.
- I will do my own vacuuming.
- I will play golf.
- I will reduce some of the pain and stiffness from arthritis.
Excerpt from: Time Management Strategies (Queensland Australia Government Document)
Take the time to list all the things that you need to get done. Sort this list from most important to least important. You should be honest and realistic when prioritizing tasks to avoid over-committing to something that may not be achievable within the time frame.
Your list of prioritized tasks will become your plan. You should revisit the plan regularly and make adjustments to it when needed.
By breaking larger tasks down into smaller, more manageable tasks you will find each task easier to keep track of and achieve. This will also help you to make better use of your time.
Time Management Tip #1 – Learn what Matters Most.
Because we don’t know what is really important to us, Everything seems important.
Because everything seems important, We have to do everything.
Other people, unfortunately, see us as doing everything, so they expect us to do everything.
Doing everything keeps us so busy, We don’t have time to think about, what is really important to us.
From the FranklinCovey� time management course “What Matters Most”
Once we define our beliefs, virtues, and values prioritizing tasks becomes simpler. When we live our lives in accordance with what matters most to us, like Ben Franklin did, we can be most productive, satisfied and happy. Get into the habit of scheduling what matters most, first.
Learn To Distinguish Between The Important and The Urgent.
The science of time management advanced little if at all from the time of Franklin to the present day when a tyranny was discovered by author Alec Mackenzie. Mackenzie of Greenwich, NY is an internationally known speaker and writer on time management and is the president of his own consulting firm. He is the author of one of the most famous and valuable books on time management. The book is now in its third edition. The two previous editions of “The Time Trap” were both best-sellers.
In the book Mackenzie discovered, recognized and then defined the tyranny. He is responsible for defining the tyranny of the urgent. He described it like this.
“Urgency engulfs the time manager; yet the most urgent task is not always the most important. The tyranny of the urgent lies in its distortion of priorities. One of the measures of a manager is the ability to distinguish the important from the urgent, to refuse to be tyrannized by the urgent, to refuse to manage by crisis.”
Time Management Tip #2
Is it Important or Urgent, or both, or neither?
In his book Mackenzie identifies what he believes to be the most important measure of a good time manager. It is the ability to distinguish the important from the urgent. How are you at this the most basic of time management tests? Let’s try and see?
Can you define the word urgent?
The Merriam-Webster Unabridged, Online Dictionary definition may help. URGENT
Main Entry: ur •gent Pronunciation: ‘&r-j &nt Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French, from Latin urgent-, urgens, present participle of urgEre
Date: 15th century
1 a : calling for immediate attention: PRESSING <>appeals> b : conveying a sense of urgency
The American Heritage� Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000. offers a slightly different slant on the word,
ADJECTIVE: 1. Compelling immediate action or attention; pressing. 2. Insistent or importunate: the urgent words “Hurry! Hurry!” 3. Conveying a sense of pressing importance: an urgent message.
And therein lays the problem. The word urgent and the feeling of urgency compel one to immediate attention or action. The issue that is urgent is immediate and pressing. There is a conveyed sense of pressing importance a sense of “urgency”.
But, does urgent mean important? Let’s try the dictionaries again, first the American Heritage
ADJECTIVE: 1. Strongly affecting the course of events or the nature of things; significant an important message that must get through; close friends who are important to me. 2. Having or suggesting a consciousness of high position or authority; authoritative: recited the decree with an important air. 3. Obsolete Importunate.
And then Merriam-Webster
im •por •tant
Pronunciation: im-‘ por-t&nt, esp Southern and New England -t&nt, -d&nt Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English importante, from Medieval Latin important-, importans, present participle of importare to signify, from Latin, to bring into
Date: 15th century
1: marked by or indicative of significant worth or consequence: valuable in content or relationship
Herein then is the lesson! Important and urgent are not synonyms. Important is not necessarily Urgent. Urgent is not necessarily Important.
To simplify the understanding try this definition. Urgent means do it now or it is gone. The pressing need may be no longer, but the opportunity may be lost.
A ringing phone is urgent not important. If I don’t answer it now, the call will be gone.
Ah, you say. But the phone call may be important! And we won’t know unless we answer the call!
And therein is the tyranny of the urgency as first defined by Mackenzie. If you are not able to distinguish the urgent from the important your life can be, and will be driven by crisis. You will be forced to go from one urgent crisis to another with little or no hope of understanding what is most important, and less chance to be able to accomplish what is important to you! If we would manage time, first we must understand that there is no such thing as time management. Then we must learn to distinguish the important from the urgent.
Theories of Time
Time is an exact, absolute that continues, exists, and is without regard to individuals or human beings, according to Newton. But Einstein believed time to be relative to the observer. Regardless of your understanding of Newton to Einstein, we could agree with Newton that for us time is finite and easily measured and allocated into seconds, minutes, hours, days and years. And, we could agree with Einstein that none of us has enough time. Yet each of us has all that there is!
Today, we will have 1,440 minutes. Tomorrow we will get a new allocation. There is nothing we can do to get more or less. All we can hope to do is to manage our absolute, relative finite resource as best we can to accomplish what we will.
Time Management Resource Links:
- Millennial students: Rethinking time management, via Academic Advising Today
- Time management, via Mind Tools
- Time management, via Psychology Today
- Time management, via Study Guides and Strategies
Related Clearinghouse Resources:
How to Effectively Manage Your Time, via Discover Business
Time management worksheets, via Study Guides and Strategies
- 168 hour week, via Delta College
- Managing your time, via Dartmouth University
- Time management, via University of Minnesota Duluth
Time management, via Louisiana State University
Further Resources on Time Management:
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